BORDA in Nepal

We are working on solutions that combine public health improvements with resource recovery to enable a better quality of life for small-town residents

One of the highest countries in the world, Nepal straddles the boundary between the Himalaya mountains and the fertile Ganges lowlands. Almost 50 % of Nepal's 29 million people live in the lowlands, which make up only 14 % of the country. While the mountain areas are sparsely populated with farms, the cities in the lowlands are growing rapidly. As one of the poorest countries in the region, less than 35 % of the population has access to basic sanitation.

BORDA collaborates with the local NGO ENPHO to transfer knowledge and experience from India to Nepal, training professionals for decentralised wastewater treatment systems (DEWATS) and strengthening institutional structures. With over 30 DEWATS projects in urban areas of Nepal, functional examples of sustainable sanitation have already been established.

The government of Nepal shows commitment to continuing the DEWATS approach. In addition, international organisations and donors including UN-Habitat, USAID and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation are highly interested in solutions for wastewater and faecal sludge in Nepal.

After the devastating earthquake in April 2015, BORDA has been working closely with partner organisations in India and Nepal to improve local quality of life through the provision of basic sanitation.

As part of the 2015-2020 Third Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project (3STWSSSP), financed by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), BORDA has provided technical support to the Government of Nepal for water supply and sanitation interventions that improve health and quality of life for people living in the Nepal’s small towns. To improve sanitation service delivery, faecal sludge management (FSM) solutions are to be developed and put into operation.

On the Ground in Nepal - Our Projects

26 July 2018

Small-Scale Sanitation Scaling-Up (4S): developing evidence-based policy recommendations in India and Nepal

Since 2016, a research consortium comprising Eawag, the Nepal-based NGO ENPHO, BORDA, IIT Madras and CDD Society has been assessing more than 300 sanitation systems as part of the 4S project
26 June 2018

Faecal sludge treatment plant (FSTP) in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

Safe disposal, treatment and resource recovery: supported by BORDA and partners, Mahalakshmi Municipality in Nepal has implemented a pilot FSTP serving local households and surrounding relief camps

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